Civet Cat

Kopi Luwak coffee. You’ve heard of it before: the coffee consumed and excreted by palm civet cats in Southeast Asia, washed off by resourceful locals, and served by annoying dinner hosts to their unsuspecting guests for the sole purpose of declaring, Guess what you just drank! It’s true, Kopi Luwak is coffee from assholes for assholes.

Specialty food retailer Dean & Deluca recently bought into the novelty, offering 50g of the stuff for $50 (or $453/lb) and $70 (or $634/lb), so there must be some legitimacy of quality or flavor to support this hype, right? Wrong. (note: Dean & Deluca filed for bankruptcy in 2020 and is not selling retail goods as of this update).

To dispel the myth once and for all: Kopi Luwak coffee is a gimmick, a fairy tale fabricated to sell gullible consumers bad coffee at extraordinarily inflated prices. Please read the recent article written by Lily Kobuta of the Specialty Coffee Association that debunks any validity that Kopi Luwak might have as anything more than a cruel novelty.

The main points summarized:

  • The best Kopi Luwak coffee is a lousy specialty coffee
  • Most legitimate Kopi Luwak coffee comes from caged civet cat ‘factories’
  • The stuff you’re drinking is probably fake, anyway

Roasters and retailers who sell Kopi Luwak are either uneducated about specialty coffee or are otherwise carelessly complicit in the propagation of a myth that, at best, sells unknowing consumers coffees of poor value and, at its worst, tortures and kills thousands of innocent animals each year for the sole purpose of making unscrupulous vendors more money.

Where does Kopi Luwak coffee come from?

The coffee we drink is nothing more than the seed of a fruit, the pit of a coffee cherry. Like other fruit trees, coffee grows and bears fruit that ripens and falls to the ground or is otherwise selected by animal counterparts (or other methods) to spread its seeds elsewhere and grow more plants.

Coffee ripening

Coffee Ripening

Like other fruits, coffee cherries have sugars that taste sweet when they ripen, making them more attractive to animals, including but not limited to humans. Animals eat sweet fruits and then run, fly, scurry, or hop around in the wild, randomly pooping out seeds that take root in topsoil. The circle of plant life is complete. No plant ever expected the effect that caffeine, coffee’s natural insecticide, has on human neural chemistry – essentially the biochemical equivalent of winning the plant lottery.

Inside the coffee cherry

Mucilage inside a coffee cherry

The palm civet lives in areas that grow coffee and also likes to eat sweet things, so it became a pest to coffee farmers, much like the jacu bird of Brazil (yes, there is a jacu bird coffee, too). Unlike the monkeys in India that chew and destroy coffee beans in the cherry, the palm civet swallows many or all of them, which come out the other end. Some clever or, more likely, desperate farmer tried to recover some of his beans by washing them off. Tony Wild from Taylors of Harrogate introduced it to the West (something he now regrets), and the legend was born. I have found no credit evidence that the palm civet is particularly choosy about selecting only the ‘ripest cherries’ as the myth states, but it seems plausible. Nevertheless, that no longer matters.

Kopi luwak coffee factory

Kopi Luwak coffee factory,

With its sudden rise in popularity, the far majority of legitimate Kopi Luwak coffee sold today comes from grisly civet cat farms where rows and rows of the enslaved creatures bred specifically for coffee production are kept in small cages and force-fed coffee cherries -ripe or otherwise- until they die.

Civet cat in cage

civet cat in cage,

How’s that dinner party conversation now?

Sure, some Luwak coffee may be collected from palm civets roaming wild. Still, even if it is true (which is unregulated and difficult to track), there is no justification to pay such obscene prices for coffee objectively graded to be lower quality than your average office lobby coffee shop.

From the Specialty Coffee Association article:

Rocky Rhodes of International Coffee Consulting Group offers a more detailed analysis and shares his experience with this coffee. “At a farm in East Java, I was given the opportunity to evaluate their lots of coffee, which they had separated into sizes: large, medium, and small. On this farm were caged Luwaks that fed on the exact same coffee, which was also included in the cupping. After cupping the four samples, it was apparent that Luwak coffee sold for the story, not superior quality.”

According to Rhodes, “Using the SCAA cupping scale, the Luwak scored two points below the lowest of the other three coffees. It would appear that the Luwak processing diminishes good acidity and flavor and adds smoothness to the body, which is what many people seem to note as a positive to the coffee. The medium-sized coffee, as an aside, scored the best due to overall flavor and balance. It was a full four points above the Luwak version.”

Suppose you feel the urge to buy Kopi Luwak. In that case, you’re much better off purchasing 1lb of coffee from Dunkin’ Donuts and donating the remaining $440 to the Humane Society or another local animal rescue charity. If not for the embarrassment of being misled as a coffee novice or to discourage animal cruelty overseas, do it in support of authentic specialty coffee and the millions of farmers worldwide who work daily to deliver quality coffee without a gimmick.